Sunday, May 31, 2009
By: David Cloud, Fundamental Baptist Information Service
The following is excerpted from the book ROME AND THE BIBLE: TRACING THE HISTORY OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH AND ITS PERSECUTION OF THE BIBLE AND OF BIBLE BELIEVERS. To our knowledge, this is the first history ever published which details the Roman Catholic Church's relationship to the Bible from the first millennium to the present. The book could also be titled "The Bible through the Centuries." The author has spent thousands of dollars obtaining rare documents relevant to this history (such as a 1641 edition of Foxe's unabridged Acts and Monuments) and researched the topic in important theological libraries in Canada, America, England, and Ireland. The book covers the Roman Catholic Inquisition from the 11th to the 19th centuries, particularly the role played by the Inquisition to keep translations of the Bible out of the hands of the common people. It contains the history of ancient separated Christians, including the Waldensians and the Lollards. It gives the history of the English Bible from John Wycliffe to William Tyndale, and the history of the Spanish, German, French, and Italian Bibles. It contains amazing biographies of royal queens who loved the Bible. It gives the
decade-by-decade details of papal condemnations of 19th-century Bible societies and of Roman Catholic persecution in the 19th century. It describes the 20th-century phenomenon of Rome changing tactics and joining hands with the Bible societies. It documents the similarities between the Latin Vulgate and the modern versions. It answers the question: Has the Roman Catholic Church changed? The book contains 95 illustrations from rare out-of-print books. Dr. Ian Paisley, Martyrs Memorial Presbyterian Church, Belfast, Northern Ireland, commended us for Rome and the Bible and showed us his copy in which he had written the following words: "Brother Cloud is not beclouded!"
During the period when the Roman Catholic Church was in power, she did everything she could to keep the Bible out of the hands of the common people. It was illegal to translate the Bible into the common languages, even though most people could not read the official Catholic Bible because it was in Latin, a language known only to the highly educated. Consider some of the laws Rome made against Bible translation. These began to be made in the 13th century and were in effect through the 19th.
(1) In the year 1215 Pope Innocent III issued a law commanding "that they shall be seized for trial and penalties, WHO ENGAGE IN THE TRANSLATION OF THE SACRED VOLUMES, or who hold secret conventicles, or who assume the office of preaching without the authority of their superiors; against whom process shall be commenced, without any permission of appeal" (J.P. Callender, Illustrations of Popery, 1838, p. 387). Innocent "declared that as by the old law, the beast touching the holy mount was to be stoned to death, so simple and uneducated men were not to touch the Bible or venture to preach its doctrines" (Schaff, History of the Christian Church, VI, p. 723).
(2) The Council of Toulouse (1229) FORBADE THE LAITY TO POSSESS OR READ THE VERNACULAR TRANSLATIONS OF THE BIBLE (Allix, Ecclesiastical History, II, p. 213). This council ordered that the bishops should appoint in each parish "one priest and two or three laics, who should engage upon oath to make a rigorous search after all heretics and their abettors, and for this purpose should visit every house from the garret to the cellar, together with all subterraneous places where they might conceal themselves" (Thomas M'Crie, History of the Reformation in Spain, 1856, p. 82). They also searched for the illegal Bibles.
(3) The Council of Tarragona (1234) "ORDERED ALL VERNACULAR VERSIONS TO BE BROUGHT TO THE BISHOP TO BE BURNED" (Paris Simms, Bible from the Beginning, p. 1929, 162).
(4) In 1483 the infamous Inquisitor General Thomas Torquemada began his reign of terror as head of the Spanish Inquisition; King Ferdinand and his queen "PROHIBITED ALL, UNDER THE SEVEREST PAINS, FROM TRANSLATING THE SACRED SCRIPTURE INTO THE VULGAR TONGUES, OR FROM USING IT WHEN TRANSLATED BY OTHERS" (M'Crie, p. 192). For more than three centuries the Bible in the common tongue was a forbidden book in Spain and multitudes of copies perished in the flames, together with those who cherished them.
(5) In England, too, laws were passed by the Catholic authorities against vernacular Bibles. The Constitutions of Thomas Arundel, issued in 1408 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, made this brash demand: "WE THEREFORE DECREE AND ORDAIN THAT NO MAN SHALL, HEREAFTER, BY HIS OWN AUTHORITY, TRANSLATE ANY TEXT OF THE SCRIPTURE INTO ENGLISH, OR ANY OTHER TONGUE, by way of a book, libel, or treatise, now lately set forth in the time of John Wyckliff, or since, or hereafter to be set forth, in part of in whole, privily or apertly, upon pain of greater excommunication, until the said translation be allowed by the ordinary of the place, or, if the case so require, by the council provincial" (John Eadie, The English Bible, vol. 1, 1876, p. 89). Consider Arundel's estimation of the man who gave the English speaking people their first Bible: "This pestilential and most wretched John Wycliffe of damnable
memory, a child of the old devil, and himself a child or pupil of Anti-Christ, who while he lived, walking in the vanity of his mind Š crowned his wickedness by translating the Scriptures into the mother tongue" (Fountain, John Wycliffe, p. 45).
(6) Pope Leo X (1513-1521), who railed against Luther's efforts to follow the biblical precept of faith alone and Scripture alone, called the fifth Lateran Council (1513-1517), which charged that no books should be printed except those approved by the Roman Catholic Church. "THEREFORE FOREVER THEREAFTER NO ONE SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO PRINT ANY BOOK OR WRITING WITHOUT A PREVIOUS EXAMINATION, TO BE TESTIFIED BY MANUAL SUBSCRIPTION, BY THE PAPAL VICAR AND MASTER OF THE SACRED PALACE IN ROME, and in other cities and dioceses by the Inquisition, and the bishop or an expert appointed by him. FOR NEGLECT OF THIS THE PUNISHMENT WAS EXCOMMUNICATION, THE LOSS OF THE EDITION, WHICH WAS TO BE BURNED, a fine of 100 ducats to the fabric of St. Peters, and suspension from business for a year" (Henry Lea, The Inquisition of the Middle Ages).
(7) These restrictions were repeated by the Council of Trent in 1546, which placed translations of the Bible, such as the German, Spanish, and English, on its list of prohibited books and forbade any person to read the Bible without a license from a Catholic bishop or inquisitor.
Following is a quote from Trent: "ŠIT SHALL NOT BE LAWFUL FOR ANYONE TO PRINT OR TO HAVE PRINTED ANY BOOKS WHATSOEVER DEALING WITH SACRED DOCTRINAL MATTERS WITHOUT THE NAME OF THE AUTHOR, OR IN THE FUTURE TO SELL THEM, OR EVEN TO HAVE THEM IN POSSESSION, UNLESS THEY HAVE FIRST BEEN EXAMINED AND APPROVED BY THE ORDINARY, UNDER PENALTY OF ANATHEMA AND FINE prescribed by the last Council of the Lateran" (Fourth session, April 8, 1546, The Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, Translated by H.J. Schroeder, pp. 17-19).
These rules were affixed to the Index of Prohibited Books and were constantly reaffirmed by popes in the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. These prohibitions, in fact, have never been rescinded. It is true that the Council of Trent did not absolutely forbid the reading of the Scriptures under all circumstances. It allowed a few exceptions. The priests were allowed to read the Latin Bible. Bishops and inquisitors were allowed to grant license for certain faithful Catholics to read the Scriptures in Latin as long as these Scriptures were accompanied by Catholic notes and if it was believed that these would not be "harmed" by such reading. In practice, though, the proclamations of Trent forbade the reading of the Holy Scriptures to at least nine-tenths of the people. Rome's claim to possess authority to determine who can and cannot translate, publish, and read the Bible is one of the most blasphemous claims ever made under this sun.
The attitude of 16th century Catholic authorities toward the Bible was evident from a speech Richard Du Mans delivered at Trent, in which he said "that the Scriptures had become useless, since the schoolmen had established the truth of all doctrines; and though they were formerly read in the church, for the instruction of the people, and still read in the service, yet they ought not to be made a study, because the Lutherans only gained those who read them" (William M'Gavin, The Protestant, 1846, p. 144). It is true that the Bible leads men away from Roman Catholicism, but this is only because Roman Catholicism is not founded upon the Word of God!
Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605) confirmed the Council of Trent's proclamations against Bible translations (Eadie, History of the English Bible, II, p. 112) and went even further by forbidding licenses to be granted for the reading of the Bible under any conditions (Richard Littledale, Plain Reasons Against Joining the Church of Rome, 1924, p. 91).
(8) The restrictions against ownership of the vernacular Scriptures were repeated by the popes until the end of the 19th century:
Benedict XIV (1740-1758) confirmed the Council of Trent's proclamations against Bible translations (Eadie, History of the English Bible, II, p. 112) and issued an injunction "that no versions whatever should be suffered to be read but those which should be approved of by the Holy See, accompanied by notes derived from the writings of the Holy Fathers, or other learned and Catholic authors" (D.B. Ray, The Papal Controversy, p. 479).
It was during the reign of Pope Pius VII (1800-1823) that the modern Bible society movement began. The British and Foreign Bible Society was formed in March 1804, the purpose being "to encourage a wider circulation of the Holy Scriptures without note or comment." Other societies were soon created for the same exalted purpose. Germany (1804); Ireland (1806); Canada (1807); Edinburgh (1809); Hungary (1811); Finland, Glasgow, Zurich, Prussia (1812); Russia (1813); Denmark and Sweden (1814); Netherlands, Iceland (1815); America, Norway, and Waldensian (1816); Australia, Malta, Paris (1817); etc. One of the societies began distributing a Polish Bible in Poland. The Pope, instead of praising the Lord that the eternal Word of God was being placed into the hands of the multitudes of spiritually needy people, showed his displeasure by issuing a bull against Bible Societies on June 29, 1816. The Pope expressed himself as "shocked" by the circulation of the Scriptures in the Polish tongue. He characterized this practice as a "most crafty device, by which the very foundations of religion are undermined," "a pestilence," which he must "remedy and abolish," "a defilement of the faith, eminently dangerous to souls." Pope Pius VII also rebuked Archbishop Buhusz of Mohiley in Russia because of his endorsement of a newly formed Bible society (Kenneth Latourette, The Nineteenth Century in Europe, p. 448). The papal brief, dated September 3, 1816, declared that "if the Sacred Scriptures were allowed in the vulgar tongue everywhere without discrimination, more detriment than benefit would arise" (Jacobus, Roman Catholic and Protestant Versions
Compared, p. 236).
Pope Leo XII (1823-29) issued a bull to the Bishops in Ireland, May 3, 1824, in which he affirmed the Council of Trent and condemned Bible distribution. "It is no secret to you, venerable brethren, that a certain Society, vulgarly called The Bible Society, is audaciously spreading itself through the whole world. After despising the traditions of the holy Fathers, and in opposition to the well-known Decree of the Council of Trent, this Society has collected all its forces, and directs every means to one object,--the translation, or rather the perversion, of the Bible into the vernacular languages of all nations. ... IF THE SACRED SCRIPTURES BE EVERYWHERE INDISCRIMINATELY PUBLISHED, MORE EVIL THAN ADVANTAGE WILL ARISE THENCE, on account of the rashness of men" (Bull of Leo XII, May 3, 1824; cited from Charles Elliott, Delineation of Roman Catholicism, 1851, p. 21). This Pope re-published the Index of Prohibited Books on March 26, 1825, and mandated that the decrees of the Council of Trent be enforced against distribution of Scriptures (R.P. Blakeney, Popery in Its Social Aspect, p. 137).
Pope Gregory XVI (1831-46) ratified the decrees of his predecessors, forbidding the free distribution of Scripture. In his encyclical of May 8, 1844, this Pope stated: "Moreover, we confirm and renew the decrees recited above, DELIVERED IN FORMER TIMES BY APOSTOLIC AUTHORITY, AGAINST THE PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, READING, AND POSSESSION OF BOOKS OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES TRANSLATED INTO THE VULGAR TONGUE" (James Wylie, The Papacy, 1867, p. 182). This encyclical was delivered against Bible societies in general, and mentioned in particular the Christian Alliance, which was formed in 1843 in New York for the purpose of distributing Scriptures.
Pope Pius IX (1846-78) in November 1846 issued an encyclical letter in which he denounced all opponents of Roman Catholicism, among which he included "those insidious Bible Societies." He said the Bible societies were "renewing the crafts of the ancient heretics" by distributing to "all kinds of men, even the least instructed, gratuitously and at immense expense, copies in vast numbers of the books of the Sacred Scriptures translated against the holiest rules of the Church into various vulgar tongues..." What a horrible crime! Distributing the Scriptures freely to all people! It was Pius IX who had himself and his fellow popes declared "infallible" at the Vatican I Council in 1870.
Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) published an "Apostolic Constitution" in 1897 which stated: "All versions of the vernacular, even by Catholics, are altogether prohibited, unless approved by the Holy See, or published under the vigilant care of the Bishops, with annotations taken from the Fathers of the Church and learned Catholic writers" (Melancthon Jacobus, Roman Catholic and Protestant Bibles, p. 237).
Where the Roman Catholic Church held power the Bible was always scarce. Consider a few examples: When the government of New Orleans was taken over in 1803, "it was not till after a long search for a Bible to administer the oath of office that a Latin Vulgate was at last procured from a priest" (William Canton, The Bible and the Anglo-Saxon People, I, p. 245). In Quebec, as late as 1826, MANY PEOPLE HAD NEVER HEARD OF THE NEW TESTAMENT (Canton, II, 61). The situation was the same in South America, where "for about three centuries, were almost entirely without the Bible." It was 1831 before the first Bible was printed in Spanish America, and even then the copies were exorbitantly expensive (Canton, II, 347). Thus, even when Catholic authorities finally printed some Bibles, they were priced far beyond the reach of most people. Between December 1907 and February 1908 a diligent search was made to determine how many Bibles were available in Catholic Ireland. Not a portion of the Bible was available in bookshops in Athlone, Balbriggan, Drogheda, Mullingar, Wexford, and Clonmel. A shop assistant at Mullingar said, "I never saw a Catholic Bible." When asked about the New Testament, a sales person at the The Catholic Truth Society replied, "We don't keep it." Those who did the extensive survey concluded "that IN NINE TENTHS OF THE CITIES, TOWNS, AND VILLAGES OR IRELAND A ROMAN CATHOLIC COULD NOT PROCURE A COPY OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC BIBLE OR NEW TESTAMENT" (Alexander Robertson, The Papal Conquest, 1909, pp. 166-167).
These facts uncover only the tip of iceberg in regard to Rome's attitude toward the Bible in former times. Our book "Rome and the Bible: The History of the Bible through the Centuries and Rome's Persecution against It" documents this more extensively.
THE WALDENSES (also called Vaudois or Albigenses) are an example of what occurred during this period. They lived in the mountains of Italy and France and eventually spread throughout Europe; they refused to join the Catholic Church or recognize the Pope. They received the Bible as the sole source for faith and practice and had their own translations, which they diligently reproduced in hand-written copies. Rome persecuted the Waldenses throughout the Dark Ages up until the 18th century.
A few brief descriptions of the persecutions against the Waldenses follow. Note that many entire books have been written about these persecutions and the following facts only hint at the destruction and torment poured out upon these people. [For more information, the reader's attention is invited to the Fundamental Baptist CD-Rom Library, which contains dozens of rare antiquarian Baptist and Waldensian histories, including Baptist History by John M. Cramp (1852), The Story of the Baptists in All Ages and Countries by Richard Cook (1888), Memorials of Baptist Martyrs by J. Newton Brown (1854), A History of the Baptists by Thomas Armitage (1890), A History of the Christian Church (Waldenses) by William Jones (1819), History of the Ancient Churches of Piedmont and Albigenses by Pierre Allix (1690, 1692), A History of the
Waldenses by J.A. Wylie (1860), and A History of the Ancient Christians of the Valleys of the Alps by Perrin (1618).
The Roman Catholic Church persecuted Peter Waldo and refused to accept his translation of the New Testament into the Romaunt language. Pope Alexander III (1159-1181) expelled Waldo and his followers from his diocese, and the next pope, Lucius III, put his papal curse upon them (William Blackburn, History of the Christian Church, 1880, pp. 309, 310). The Council of Tours in 1163 promoted inquisition against Bible believers, issuing a decree that stated: "No man must presume to receive or assist heretics, nor in buying or selling have any thing to do with them, that being thus deprived of the comforts of humanity, they may be compelled to repent of the error of their way" (Gideon Ouseley, A Short Defence of the Old Religion, 1821, p. 221). "Many Albigenses, refusing the terms, were burnt in different cities in the south of France" (G.H. Orchard, A Concise History of the Baptists, 1855, p. 199). The Third Lateran Council "gave permission to princes to reduce heretics to slavery and shortened the time of penance by two years for those taking up arms against them" (Philip Schaff, History of the Christian Church,
V, p. 519).
In the year 1209, Pope Innocent III called for a crusade against the Waldenses in France. Anyone who volunteered to war against the "heretics" (so called by Rome because they dissented from her dogmas) was promised forgiveness of sin and many rewards. Tens of thousands took up arms for the Pope and marched against the hated Waldenses. Some 200,000 dissenters were killed by the Pope's army within a few months. Two large cities, Beziers (Braziers) and Carcasone, were destroyed, together with many smaller towns and villages. The war was conducted for 20 years! Thousands were made homeless and were forced to wander in the woods and mountains to escape their tormentors. The cruelties practiced by the Catholic persecutors were horrible. The Christians were thrown from high cliffs, hanged, disemboweled, pierced through repeatedly, drowned, torn by dogs, burned alive, crucified. In one case, 400 mothers fled for refuge with their babies to a cave in Castelluzzo, which was located 2,000 feet above the valley in which they lived. They were discovered by the rampaging Catholics; a large fire was built outside of the cave and they were suffocated.
In 1487 Pope Innocent VIII called for a crusade against the Waldenses in Italy, Germany, and elsewhere. He promised forgiveness of sins and a share in the plunder to those who joined. Charles VIII of France and Charles II of Savoy agreed to raise an army for the destruction of the Waldenses. This regular army numbered about 18,000 soldiers and thousands of "ruffians" joined, urged on by the promise of forgiveness of sins and the expectation of obtaining spoil from the Waldensian possessions. Wylie describes these volunteers as "ambitious fanatics, reckless pillagers, merciless assassins" (James Wylie, History of the Waldenses, 1860, p. 29). This army attacked the Waldensian mountain valleys in northern Italy simultaneously from the plains to the south and from France to the west. Thousands of Bible-believing Christians perished in this crusade. Their homes and crops were destroyed. Many entire villages were razed. Their women were raped and then viciously murdered. Their children were dashed against trees and thrown off cliffs. More than 3,000 Waldensian Christians, men, women, and children, perished in one cave called Aigue-Froid to which they had fled for safety. These were the inhabitants of the entire village of Val Loyse, and the property of these pitiful people was distributed to the
participants of the crusade. Many entire large valleys were burned and pillaged and depopulated. This crusade against the Waldensians lasted for a year.
Following is a brief description of the persecutions in the 16th century as given by a Waldensian pastor: "There is no town in Piedmont under a Vaudois pastor, where some of our brethren have not been put to death Š Hugo Chiamps of Finestrelle had his entrails torn from his living body, at Turin. Peter Geymarali of Bobbio, in like manner, had his entrails taken out at Lucerna, and a fierce cat thrust in their place to torture him further; Maria Romano was buried alive at Rocco-patia; Magdalen Foulano underwent the same fate at San Giovanni; Susan Michelini was bound hand and foot, and left to perish of cold and hunger at Saracena. Bartholomew Fache, gashed with sabres, had the wounds filled up with quicklime, and perished thus in agony at Fenile; Daniel Michelini had his tongue torn out at Bobbio for having praised God. James Baridari perished covered with sulphurous matches, which had been forced into his flesh under the nails, between the fingers, in the nostrils, in the lips, and over all his body, and then lighted. Daniel Revelli had his mouth filled with gunpowder, which, being lighted, blew his head to pieces. Maria Monnen, taken at Liousa, had the flesh cut from her cheek and chin bone, so that her jaw was left bare, and she was thus left to perish. Paul Garnier was slowly sliced to pieces at Rora. Thomas Margueti was mutilated in an indescribable manner at Miraboco, and Susan
Jaquin cut in bits at La Torre. Sara Rostagnol was slit open from the legs to the bosom, and so left to perish on the road between Eyral and Lucerna. Anne Charbonnier was impaled and carried thus on a pike, as a standard, from San Giovanni to La Torre. Daniel Rambaud, at Paesano, had his nails torn off, then his fingers chopped off, then his feet and his hands, then his arms and his legs, with each successive refusal on his part to abjure the Gospel" (Alex Muston, A History of the Waldenses: The Israel of the Alps, 1866).
Not only were the Waldensian Christians themselves destroyed wherever the armies could gain ascendancy, but their literature and vernacular Scriptures were destroyed with a vengeance during these persecutions. The Catholic priests who accompanied the armies made certain of this. So many copies of the Waldensian Scriptures were destroyed that we have little information about their Bibles.
In the 17th century, Samuel Morland visited the Waldenses in northern Italy as the representative of England's ruler, Oliver Cromwell. Morland tried to assist the Waldenses in the bitter persecutions that were still being poured out upon them. Entire armies had been sent to destroy the Waldensian villages in the 17th century. Practically all of their documents had been destroyed. Morland gathered up any remaining materials he could find and in 1658 sent them back to England to be deposited in the library at the University of Cambridge. The Morland collections are still available. On June 2, 2004, Miss J.S. Ringrose, Deputy Keeper of Manuscripts at University Library, Cambridge, wrote to Justin Savino, a student at Emmanuel Baptist Theological Seminary, Newington, Connecticut, as follows: "There are two main collections of Waldensian manuscripts, both deposited by Samuel Morland in 1658. MSS Dd. 3. 25-38 (Morland MSS G-V) are seventeenth century manuscripts, mainly transcripts of earlier historical sources. MSS. Dd. 15.29-34 (Morland A-F) are medieval." The Morland F packet contains manuscripts from the 14th century with the entire New Testament and parts of the Old and apocryphal writings "in the Peidemontese dialect of Provencal or Occitan." On a visit to the library in April 2005 I examined the F packet. It contains six small items, including a New Testament (though not containing all of the books).
CONSIDER SOME EXAMPLES OF HOW THE BIBLE WAS PERSECUTED BY ROME:
THE ENGLISH BIBLE WAS PERSECUTED
JOHN WYCLIFFE (1324-1384), the father of the English Bible, is an example of how Rome treated the Bible in these days.
Wycliffe, the vicar of St. Mary's Church at Lutterworth, completed the English New Testament in 1380 and the Old Testament in 1382. He rejected many of Rome's heresies, including the doctrine that the people should not have the Bible in their own language. Here is one of the powerful statements that he made to the Catholic authorities: "You say it is heresy to speak of the Holy Scriptures in English. You call me a heretic because I have translated the Bible into the common tongue of the people. Do you know whom you blaspheme? Did not the Holy Ghost give the Word of God at first in the mother-tongue of the nations to whom it was addressed? Why do you speak against the Holy Ghost? You say that the Church of God is in danger from this book. How can that be? Is it not from the Bible only that we learn that God has set up such a society as a Church on the earth? Is it not the Bible that gives all her authority to the Church? Is it not from the Bible that we learn who is the Builder and Sovereign of the Church, what are the laws by which she is to be governed, and the rights and privileges of her members? Without the Bible, what charter has the Church to show for all these? It is you who place the Church in jeopardy by hiding the Divine warrant, the missive royal of her King, for the authority she wields and the faith she enjoins" (David Fountain, John Wycliffe, pp. 45-47).
Rome persecuted Wycliffe bitterly and attempted unsuccessfully to have him imprisoned. Pope Gregory XI issued five bulls against Wycliffe, but he was protected by the Queen of England and others.
Wycliffe died on December 31, 1384, and forty-three years later, in 1428, the Roman Catholic Church dug up Wycliffe's bones and burned them.
Rome also persecuted Wycliffe's followers, the Lollards, imprisoning them and putting many of them to death. The Lollards' Tower in London was so named because it is one of the places where they were imprisoned and tortured. It was illegal to own a copy of the Wycliffe Bible, and most of the priceless handwritten Scriptures were burned.
WILLIAM TYNDALE (1484-1536), the first to translate the English Bible from Greek and Hebrew, is another example of Rome's persecutions.
As a young man Tyndale had a burden to translate the Bible into English directly from the Hebrew and Greek so that his people could have the Word of God from the purest fountains. When he expressed this plan to Catholic authorities in England, then under Roman Catholic rule, he learned that it would not be possible to do this work in his own country.
While employed at Little Sodbury Manor after graduation from Oxford, Tyndale preached in that part of western England and debated the truth with Catholic priests. One evening a priest exclaimed, "We are better without God's laws than the pope's." Hearing that, Tyndale replied: "If God spare my life, ere many years I will cause a boy that driveth a plough shall know more of the Scriptures than thou doest."
Tyndale traveled to Europe to pursue this objective, where he had to move from place to place and hide his work from the ecclesiastical authorities.
After completing the New Testament and a portion of the Old, Tyndale was arrested in May 1535. He was imprisoned for 16 months in the castle at Vilvorde, Belgium.
On October 6, 1536, Tyndale was strangled and then burned at the stake. His ashes were thrown into the river that flowed alongside the castle.
THE GERMAN BIBLE WAS PERSECUTED
The PRE-LUTHER GERMAN BIBLES were persecuted in the 15th century. The first complete printed Bible in German was published by Johann Mentelin (John Mentel) at Strassburg in 1466 (Olaf Norlie, The Translated Bible, 1934, p. 73). Mainz was the most active publication center in Germany at that time, and in 1485, the archbishop there issued AN EDICT PRESCRIBING CENSORSHIP FOR ALL TRANSLATIONS OF THE BIBLE. The edict forbade the Scriptures to be given to simple and unlearned men and to women. Following is an excerpt: "We have observed books containing the office of the mass and also containing divine things and lofty matters of our religion and translated from Latin into the German language, not without damage to religion [meaning the Catholic religion!], circulating among the hands of the vulgar [common people] Š for who will give to the ignorant and unlettered persons, and to the female sex at that, into whose hands the manuscripts of sacred learning should fall, the ability to find the true sense? No sane person would deny that the texts of the Holy Gospels and of the Epistles of Paul require many additions and explanations from other writings."
THE LUTHER BIBLE, which first appeared in 1522, was also fiercely persecuted.
D'Aubigne, in his History of the Reformation, describes how Rome replied to this milestone in Germany history: "Ignorant priests shuddered at the thought that every citizen, nay every peasant, would now be able to dispute with them on the precepts of our Lord. The King of England denounced the work to the Elector Frederick and to Duke George of Saxony. But as early as the month of November THE DUKE HAD ORDERED HIS SUBJECTS TO DEPOSIT EVERY COPY OF LUTHER'S NEW TESTAMENT IN THE HANDS OF THE MAGISTRATES. BAVARIA, BRANDENBURG, AUSTRIA, AND ALL THE STATES DEVOTED TO ROME, PUBLISHED SIMILAR DECREES. IN SOME PLACES THEY MADE SACRILEGIOUS BONFIRES OF THESE SACRED BOOKS IN THE PUBLIC PLACES" (D'Aubigne, III, p. 77).
Persecutions were poured out by the Catholic authorities upon those who read the works of Luther. An example of those who were tormented for distributing the German Luther New Testament was a bookseller named John in Buda, Hungary. He had circulated the German Scriptures throughout that country. "He was bound to a stake; his persecutors then piled his books around him, enclosing him as if in a tower, and then set fire to them. John manifested unshaken courage, exclaiming from the midst of the flames, that he was delighted to suffer in the cause of the Lord" (D'Aubigne, III, p. 152).
In 1520 a strict search for Lutheran Bibles and books was instigated in Venice, and those found were destroyed (M'Crie, Reformation in Italy, p. 28).
The ANABAPTIST LUTHERAN BIBLES were persecuted.
The German Bible produced by Anabaptists appeared in 1529, five years before the entire Luther Bible. It was called THE WORMS BIBLE, after the name of the city in which it was published. The translation was done by two Anabaptists, Ludwig Hetzer and Hans Denck, "accomplished scholars, thoroughly versed in Hebrew and Greek, as well as in Latin. Denck studied and received the degree of Master at the University of Basel, under and with Erasmus, Hetzer was an alumnus of Basel, and also of the University of Paris" (John Porter, The World's Debt to the Baptists, 1914, p. 138). "At the time of its publication the approval of the Denck-Hetzer edition was unlimited and universal. Within three years thirteen separate editions appeared at Strasburg, Augsburg, Hagenau, and other places. ... In a word, in all Germany the book of the despised Anabaptists was bought, read, and treasured" (Ludwig Keller, Hans Denck, Ein Apostel der Wiedertaufer, p. 211; cited by Porter, p. 139).
This German Bible and its translators suffered the fate we have seen so many times already. "Denck, suffering with tuberculosis, under the decree of banishment and outlawry, died in hiding, in Basel, in 1529, a little before the Bible came from the press. Hetzer was arrested, condemned as a heretic, and beheaded the same year at Constance. Š EVERY POSSIBLE EFFORT WAS MADE TO SUPPRESS THIS 'HERETIC BIBLE;' PRINTING OFFICES, PLACES WHERE THE BOOK WAS FOR SALE, PRIVATE HOUSES AND INDIVIDUALS WERE SEARCHED, AND ALL COPIES FOUND WERE DESTROYED. Only three copies that are accessible to scholars are now known to be in existence, one is in the library in the University of Bonn, one in a library in Stuttgart, and one in the New York Public Library" (Porter, p. 139).
THE SPANISH BIBLE WAS PERSECUTED
In the fifteenth century a Roman Catholic priest named BONIFACIO FERRER translated the whole Scriptures into the Valencian or Catalonian dialect of Spain. He died in 1417, but his translation was printed in Valencia in 1478. In spite of the fact that it was produced by a Catholic, "it had scarcely made its appearance when it was suppressed by the Inquisition, who ordered the whole impression to be devoured by the flames. So strictly was this order carried into execution, that scarcely a single copy appears to have escaped" (M'Crie, History of the Progress and Suppression of the Reformation in Spain, 1829, pp. 191, 92). In 1645 four leaves of this translation were discovered in a monastery.
In 1543 the FRANCISCO DE ENZINAS Spanish New Testament was published with the title "The New Testament, that is, the New Covenant of our Only Redeemer and Saviour Jesus Christ, translated from the Greek to the Castillian [Spanish] language." Enzinas presented a copy of his New Testament to Charles V, Emperor of the Roman Empire (1519-1558), during the emperor's visit to Brussels, who gave it to his Catholic confessor, Pedro de Soto. "After various delays, Enzinas, having waited on the confessor, was upbraided by him as an enemy to religion, who had tarnished the honor of his native country; and refusing to acknowledge a fault, was seized by the officers of justice and thrown into prison" (M'Crie, History of the Reformation in Spain, pp. 194-95). Francisco's father and uncles visited him in prison and reproached him for dishonoring his family. After fifteen months' confinement he miraculously escaped prison in Brussels and fled to Antwerp, then on to England, where, in 1548, he was given the chair of Greek at Cambridge. He returned to the continent in 1550 and died of the plague at Strasbourg in 1553. Most of his New Testaments were burned and all of his manuscripts were destroyed by the Inquisition.
Another man who was raised up by God to provide the Spanish world with a vernacular Bible was JUAN PEREZ DE PINEDA (c. 1490-1567). In Seville, Spain, as the head of the College of Doctrine, he began to study the Bible and rejected Roman Catholic doctrine. When persecution began against the believers in that area, Perez and some of his friends were able to flee from Spain. Perez settled in Geneva and was the first to form a Spanish church in that city (M'Crie, p. 363). Afterwards he moved to France. His translation of the New Testament into Spanish, relying heavily on the Enzinas version, was published in 1556 in Geneva.
Another of the men who fled Spain's inquisition terrors was CASSIODORO DE REINA (1520-1594). As a monk in the San Isidro del Campo monastery in Seville he joined the Protestant revival and rejected Catholic doctrine. Arrested and sentenced to death, Reina was able to escape from prison and flee to London, where he preached to a Spanish congregation (Lupton, A History of the Geneva Bible, I, p. 40). Later he journeyed to Geneva and associated with the Protestant Spanish church there, pastored by the aforementioned Juan Perez de Pineda. In 1567 Reina completed a Spanish New Testament that "is hailed to this day as the greatest literary
triumph in Spanish history." Reina settled in Basle, and the entire Bible appeared in 1569.
Reina's work was taken over by CIPRIANO DE VALERA (1532-1602?).
Like Enzinas and Reina, Valera had fled the inquisition in Spain. In 1565 Valera joined Oxford University and became well known for his linguistic expertise, "having mastered at least ten languages." He revised and corrected Reina's work and published the New Testament in London in 1596, and, the entire Bible in 1602 in Amsterdam.
All of these Spanish Bibles "were accompanied with vindications of the practice of translating the scriptures into vernacular languages, and the right of the people to read them" (M'Crie, p. 202).
What a contrast this was with the attitude of the Roman Catholic Church. As late as 1747, the inquisitor general in Spain fretted that "some men carried their audacity to the execrable extreme of asking permission to read the sacred scriptures in the vulgar tongue, not afraid of finding in them the most deadly poison" (M'Crie, p. 202, f3).
Pope Julius III addressed a bull to the inquisitors in 1550 in which he warned them of the Spanish Bibles which were being smuggled into the country (M'Crie, History of the Reformation in Spain, p. 203). The inquisitors were given instructions "to seize all the copies, and proceed with the utmost rigour against those who should retain them, without excepting members of universities, colleges or monasteries. ... At the same time the strictest precautions were adopted to prevent the importation of such books by placing officers at all the sea-ports and land-passes, with authority to search every package, and the person of every traveller that should enter the kingdom" (M'Crie, p. 204).
THE FRENCH BIBLE WAS PERSECUTED
JACQUES LEFEVRE (1455-1536), a professor at the University of Paris, published a French New Testament in 1523 and the complete French Bible in 1528. For his labor of love for the French people, the elderly Lefevre was hated and persecuted by the Romanist authorities.
One thing that galled them was Lafevre's principle that all Christians should read the Scriptures. One of these angry authorities exclaimed: "Does he not dare to recommend all the faithful to read the Scriptures? Does he not tell therein that whoever loves not Christ's Word is not a Christian; and that the Word of God is sufficient to lead to eternal life?" (D'Aubigne, III, p. 385).
The Sorbonne, the theological faculty of the University of Paris, condemned Lefevre as a heretic and he was forced to flee to Strasbourg in 1525. In 1531, Lefevre took refuge in southern France and remained there till his deathŠ" (Durant, The Story of Civilization, VI, p. 502).
The Sorbonne declared war on printing and printers. In 1534, twenty men and one woman were burnt alive. One of those was a printer whose sole crime was printing some of Luther's writings, while another was a bookseller who had sold the same.
An edict was issued in 1546 by the Roman Catholic authorities against Lefevre and his work, in which the following statement is found: "It is neither expedient nor useful for the Christian public that any translation of the Bible should be permitted to be printed; but that they ought to be suppressed as injurious." It was also ordered that any person possessing a copy of it should deliver it up within eight days (John Beardslee, The Bible among the Nations, 1899, pp. 211, 12).
Many French believers were burned for distributing the Bible. Foxe's unabridged Martyrology is a massive set of books. I own a copy of the 8th edition, which was printed in 1641. It is 3 volumes folio, 3227 pages, the three volumes together almost one foot in width, and each page 9 X 13.5 inches. Roughly 150 of these large pages are dedicated to an enumeration of just some of the French martyrs. Following are a few examples:
In 1925 a Gospel preacher named Schuch was burned in the town of Nancy in France. When he was arrested and tried, he had his Bible with him, and holding the same as he stood before his accusers, he preached to them out of the Scriptures and "meekly yet forcibly confessed Christ crucified." His words so incised his tormentors that "transported with rage, they rushed upon him with violent cries, TORE AWAY THE BIBLE FROM WHICH HE WAS READING THIS MENACING LANGUAGE, and like mad dogs, unable to bite his doctrine, THEY BURNT IT in their convent." The man was immediately condemned to be burned alive, and the sentence was quickly carried out. "On the 19th of August 1525 the whole city of Nancy was in motion. The bells were tolling for the death of a heretic. The mournful procession set out. When the martyr reached the place of execution, HIS BOOKS WERE BURNT BEFORE HIS FACE; he was then called upon to retract; but he refused, saying, "It is thou, O God, who hast called me, and thou
wilt give me strength unto the end." Having mounted the pile, he continued to recite the psalm until the smoke and the flames stifled his voice" (D'Aubigne, History of the Reformation, III, pp. 468, 69).
In 1546 Peter Chapot was burned to death for bringing French Bibles into France and for selling them. Because of his bold testimony at the place of persecution, a decree was made that "all which were to be burned, unless they recanted at the fire, should have their tongues cut off. Which law diligently afterward was observed" (Foxe, unabridged, 1641, II, p. 133).
Stephen Polliot was also arrested in 1546 with a bag of Scriptures and Gospel books he was distributing. His tongue was cut out and he was burned, "his satchel of books hanging about his neck" (Foxe, unabridged, II, p. 134).
Nicholas Nayle, a shoemaker, was arrested in Paris and burned in 1553 for bringing parcels of books to distribute among the believers.
In 1554 Dionysius Vayre, who had smuggled many books into France, was arrested in Normandy and sentenced to be "burned alive, and thrice lifted up, and let down again into the fire" (Foxe, unabridged, II, p. 145).
Waldensian bookseller Bartholmew Hector was arrested in 1556. When the Inquisition judge said, "You have been caught in the act of selling books that contain heresy; what say you?" Hector replied, "If the Bible is heresy to you, it is truth to me." After languishing in prison for several months, Hector was burned at the stake.
THE DUTCH BIBLE WAS PERSECUTED
In 1270 JACOB VAN MAERLANDT completed the four Gospels in Dutch. "This effort aroused the wrath of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Utrecht, who thought it was disrespectful to the Scriptures thus to bring them within the reach of the common people, and Van Maerlandt nearly lost his life as a reward for his labor" (John Beardslee, The Bible among the Nations, p. 175).
In 1526 the first entire Bible in Dutch was published by JACOB VAN LIESVELDT in Antwerp, and 20 years later Liesveldt was beheaded in Antwerp "for his printing labours" (Lupton, A History of the Geneva Bible, I, p. 35).
THE ITALIAN BIBLE WAS PERSECUTED
ANTONIO BRUCIOLI published an Italian New Testament at Venice in 1530 and an entire Bible two years later. Brucioli also produced a commentary on the whole Bible, which was published in seven volumes. "His translations of the Bible were put into the first class of forbidden books, and all his works, on whatever subject, 'published or to be published,' together with all books which came from his press, even after his death, were strictly prohibited. ... violent measures were afterwards employed for its suppression" (M'Crie, Reformation in Italy,
1856, pp. 56, 57).
Saturday, May 30, 2009
"What's in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet," said Juliet in Shakespeare's famous work, Romeo and Juliet. The playwright makes the point that just changing the name of something doesn't change what it actually is. Read more
As a recovering homosexual, I know the Bible condemns the practice of homosexuality. I've written about it thoroughly in God and the Gays and speak of it in my YouTube video God and Gays.
I also know, unlike your article would mislead folks to believe, that HIV/AIDS first began among the heterosexual community in Africa but spread like wildfire first among the homosexual community in the United States. HIV/AIDS continues to spread like wildfire among heterosexuals in Africa, among prostitutes and drug addicts predominantly.
It also needs to be stated that HIV/AIDS includes 26 or so diseases they've all lumped in together that Africans have been dying from for years, for political purposes, to extort aid money, to support the PIC (pharmaceutical industrial complex). For the record, I am an American living with AIDS and I reject the highly toxic medicines. I've written two articles about it:
Scarlet Letter: A Christian With AIDS
Does God Heal Today?
When we consider all of the sexual diseases prevalent among the heterosexual community, besides within the homosexual community, it is enough to scare you CELIBATE (not straight).
"But, many of the advocates of this way of life are aggressively pressing forward with an agenda of forcing acceptance by the government on national, state and local levels. They strive to equate homosexuality with civil rights." - Sounds like you're talking about abortion.
"Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among themselves, who exchanged the truth of God for the lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.
For this reason God gave them up to vile passions."
Although Paul was referring to reprobate Roman Empire homosexuals, the same thing can be said about heterosexual perverts who consider their abominations "normal." Do they like to retain God in their knowledge any more than practicing homosexuals? Do they care for what God's Word says about their sex life any more than homosexuals? NO!
The worst "homosexuals" are spiritual perverts, abominable Christians, who prefer idolatrous traditions of men over the holy commandments of God, as brought out in the YouTube video Drunks and Whores.
May God bless all, regardless of sexual orientation and temptation, to return to Him and learn to think like Him , in preparation for His Kingdom that transcends the flesh (Isaiah 55:7-9).
The best $60 I ever spent on advertising! Baruch Hashem. Folks across America, on the highways and national parks (Badlands, Custer, Devil's Tower, Yellowstone, Grand Tetons, Flaming Gorge, Dinosaur, Rocky Mountain, etc.), were seen reading and even saying out loud, "Beyond Babylon" - and to many of them I was pleased to be able to give my Beyond Babylon cards to that pictures my book and on the back has David Ben-Ariel and my website address written. I loved it.
By Bruce Porteous
Will there be a global economic collapse, or can the world’s economy be saved from a total melt-down? Will the current stimulus packages work? Will there be an economic recovery?
These questions are now being asked by many business leaders, politicians and economists around the world. There appears to be little agreement on what will happen as the unprecedented economic crisis continues, in spite of optimistic forecasts from some world leaders. This article will explain the causes of the current economic crisis, and what the outcome will be, in simple, layman’s terms.
Firstly, let’s look at the causes of the current crisis. For over 30 years the Anglo-Saxon nations (USA, Canada, Australia, UK, New Zealand) and a few other countries have been spending considerably more money than they earned from exporting goods and services, accumulating large current account deficits internally, and massive external debts internationally. To finance these external debts they have borrowed money from creditor nations, in particular Japan and China. This has allowed the Anglo-Saxon nation’s financial institutions to have the capital to continue growing their economies, enabling them to finance costly wars and still import consumer goods to satisfy their self-indulgent life-styles. They have continued to expand their currency supply in order to maintain economic growth, but that caused an escalation of property prices, and growth in borrowings to finance domestic consumption. Up to now they have been fortunate to avoid being affected by the high inflation that normally follows an increase in the money supply, without a corresponding increase in productivity. This was, in part, made possible by switching to the purchase of imported goods and services produced by low-wage countries and paid for with the ever increasing supply of US dollars.
The problem arises when Federal Reserve Notes (U.S. dollars) accumulate in foreign hands. A Federal Reserve Note is an I.O.U. and rather unstable as it floats against the arbitrage basket of international currencies. The only alternative for these nations to avoid being overexposed to un-backed dollars which might tank at any moment, is to purchase United States Treasury Certificates which are (so far) considered safer as they are rated (so far)“triple A.” Either way, other nations are trusting that these I.O.U.’s will one day be useful for the purchase of goods, services or other more stable currencies. The purchase of these Treasuries (loan certificates) by foreign nations repatriates the dollars which are then spent domestically or overseas again…a vicious circle.
This inflow of money borrowed by the Anglo-Saxon nations has allowed them to maintain generous state-funded welfare programs that have directly contributed towards undermining the role of the family as the foundation of a successful society. This has encouraged people to look to the State for their needs, rather than the extended family accepting responsibility for other family members, sapping the drive and willingness of their people to compete in a competitive world. Socialism by stealth in Western nations has done so much to destroy the family structure, the foundation from which all successful societies are built. An increasing amount of Western Government revenues are drained into providing expensive welfare programs such as health care, pensions, benefits for the unemployed and inadvertently encouraging single parent families, but leaving little money for investment into infrastructure and provide capital to develop their economies. Asians culture encourages the extended family to accept responsibility of caring for other family members in times of misfortune, paying for their education and health care, rather than the State. Most Asians accept the premise that unless you work, you go hungry – sadly in the West it is expected by many that the State will provide, regardless if one works or not.
One of the results of the current economic crisis is that the Anglo-Saxon Governments no longer have revenue to support their expensive welfare programs; just at the time when there are the greatest financial demands being placed on them. An aging population, escalating health-care costs, growing unemployment is blowing out government budgets, causing unsustainable deficits. Meanwhile the Asian countries, not burdened with such extravagant welfare programs, have been able to use taxation revenue to invest into developing their domestic economies. As a result the Anglo-Saxon nations have become less competitive in the global market-place than the Asian economies. Added to this, the lack of domestic savings by the Anglo-Saxon nations has made them dependent on borrowing from those countries that have large current account surpluses, causing them to slip further behind in maintaining the standard of living that their people still expect to enjoy.
The end result has been a gradual break-down of the social fabric of western society till today they are crime-ridden, diseased, over-indulgent, debt-ridden and self-destructive. The Anglo-Saxon nations are now so heavily indebted to their overseas creditors, that even an increased amount of export revenues would not enable them to service their external debts. However with falling exports and large current deficits, it is only a matter of time before they slide into bankruptcy, unless they are able to operate with a current account to service and repay their international debts. The flow of US dollars into Asia has enabled their economies to obtain the capital to finance their domestic growth and accumulate overseas reserves. In turn, lending their surplus capital back to the Anglo-Saxon nations has allowed these countries to obtain the financing to purchase more imports from Asia. This arrangement has worked well up to now for all concerned, but is not sustainable. However, it is proving very difficult for the Anglo nations to expand exports to the rest of the world during a global economic recession which is causing a lack of overseas export markets for their goods and services.
Up to now the USA has been in the fortunate position of having the US dollar as the world’s reserve currency, and being able to print dollars to finance its deficits, avoiding the need to borrow in other currencies. As long as the global demand for dollars to finance world trade remains, it has been in everyone’s interest to continue with this arrangement and retain the US dollar as the world’s reserve currency. Over the last decade surplus dollars have been recycled back to the American banking system, creating surplus liquidity in the Anglo-Saxon nations, and encouraging their banks to adopt loose lending practices to generate paper profits from loans to domestic customers.
The current economic crisis was triggered when American and UK banks accumulated bad debts from reckless lending, as their customers began defaulting on their loans. This quickly led to a chain-reaction of banks defaulting and the need for government intervention to bail them out. This has led to the current global economic crisis we now have.
In an attempt to avoid a total economic collapse, the governments of UK and USA have created trillions of dollars of credit to inject into their banking system to save their banks from collapsing, as well as guaranteeing deposits. This was intended to allow the banks to continue lending to prevent their economies from going into free-fall, and government revenues collapsing. It appears this may be working, although the banks have still not written off trillions of credit card debts and real estate loans. The real question is, where has all the money gone that was lent though the bank's bad debts which have been written off? This money is still in circulation, but much of it is not recoverable from those who have defaulted on their loans. What has happened to this money? It has not just vaporised. Much of this money remains in circulation outside the USA and is now controlled by foreigners.
Another difficulty faced by the Anglo-Saxon nations is that trillions of dollars have been written off of their equity and property markets, wiping out much of the collateral from their banking system. Still not accounted for are the trillions (possibly quadrillions) of dollars involved in the derivatives markets – a sleeping time bomb ready to explode at any moment. In effect this has resulted in much of the wealth of Anglo-Saxon nations disappearing, lowering the standard of living, slashing government revenues, and will inevitably result in widespread poverty.
The Federal Reserve policy of creating new currency to replace toxic bank loans is like putting fuel on the fire. In the short-term it may prevent the US economy from unravelling, but in the long term it will be disastrous. It will result in run-away inflation as money looses value. Admittedly the US does not have much choice – if they had not propped up their financial institutions, the economy would have unravelled already, collapsing government revenues, and dragging the world into a depression. They would not have had the revenue to service their national debt. Either way, the economy collapses. The option of printing currency to inflate the money supply in an effort to stimulate consumer demand and maintain economic activity is a very risky one, and will eventually lead to erosion of the fiat value of the currency and uncontrollable inflation. Governments flooding markets with currency to revive economic growth without increasing goods and services will only result in the collapse of the currency.
So what happens next? The flood of money that has been injected into global markets may lead to temporally restoring consumer confidence and spending for a short period. Sadly, the imbalances that have led to the current crisis have not been addressed. Nothing has been done to correct the imbalance of global trade between the Anglo-Saxon nations and Asia. The Asian nations continue to accumulate more and more US dollars from exports and income from their investments. The flow of capital from the West into Asia to finance imports continues. The outcome can only result in one thing – a total collapse in the value of the currencies of the Anglo-Saxon nations.
The coming collapse of the US dollar will result in significant readjustment of global economic and military power. It will result in the end of the Anglo-Saxon nations’ dominance of the global economy. They will be replaced by two significant economic power blocks (Asia and the EU) filling the vacuum created by their collapse. It will also be a time of further economic turmoil, followed by political upheaval. It will lead to the end of many of the democratic freedoms which we have today, replaced by authoritarian regimes regulating the global economy. Not only will there be a denial of political, economic and social freedom, but also religious freedom. These institutions will be replaced by authoritarian institutions regulating how people live their lives, denying much of the individual freedom that we have come to accept today.
There is general agreement amongst many world leaders that the free-market unregulated economic model advocated by the USA can no longer continue. In its place they are advocating what UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown calls a “new world economic order”. What is planned is to have much greater controls on the movement of money, where and how capital is used – controls on speculation in futures, derivatives, commodity trading, etc. Technology available today will enable a single world currency supported by one global central bank, to control both the supply and movement of money around the world. This is being advocated by Germany and France under the pretence of controlling tax avoidance and regulating markets, in reality it will go much further than this – controlling the movement of money and all commercial transactions, with a cashless society where governments can monitor all commercial and personal transactions.
The Euro is the only currency large and strong enough to replace the US dollar as a world reserve currency, or a new world currency. Germany is the one country which has sufficient currency reserves to underpin the confidence in the Euro allowing it to become the new global reserve currency, having been for years the world’s largest exporter. Increasingly German dominance is now dictating the direction of Europe – all that is lacking is the leadership.
The EU lacks a leader who can unite the various competing political and nationalistic factions to enable decisions to be reached to bring about a cohesive economic policy and revive the European economies. As the economic crisis spreads throughout Europe, unemployment continues to grow, and political unrest becomes more severe, the need for the appearance of a strong leader will create a power vacuum into which someone will surely step. Europe now desperately needs a modern-day Napoleon, Hitler or a revived Holy Roman Emperor who can save the continent from economic and political disintegration - a strong and commanding personality who can unite the EU and lead it to economic recovery. Yet unity cannot happen unless the present disparate political structures that currently exist are reformed, and the proposed new constitution adopted. The materialization of a single leader that can unite the various European nations into a unified United States of Europe, who has the ability to revive their economies, and provide the decisive leadership required to lead them out of this crisis is the obvious necessity.
The fate of the Anglo-Saxon nations now looks extremely bleak. The collapse of their currencies will be followed by total economic collapse. They will be unable to repay their international debts. They will slide into bankruptcy. There will be wide-spread poverty, starvation, great suffering of their people as their nations slide into insolvency. Disease will become wide-spread. Many drug-dependant people will perish. Crime will spiral out of control, as a total break-down in law and order develops. Most jobs will disappear. Governments will have no revenue to continue functioning or pay for public servants or services. They will no longer have the income to maintain their defence forces.
Throughout history empires rise, declined and collapse. The coming collapse of the Anglo-Saxon Empire will happen quickly – this group of nations will disintegrate, which will result in the reshaping of the political and economic landscape of the world. Without the stabilising influence these nations have had on the world, many of the freedoms we take for granted today will disappear. The Anglo-Saxon nations originally had a value system based on the Bible, but as they have rejected the teachings of the Bible and the Law of God, so has their influence in the world declined. Now these nations are facing total economic collapse, not economic recovery as many hope. They are now being cursed for rejecting the teachings of the Bible and the Law of God.
1 May, 2009
Friday, May 29, 2009
The correct dates to observe God's holy days should not be a Church of God issue, having been settled by God thousands of years ago and preserved throughout the ages by faithful Jews.
The Oracles of God
God's empowered the Jews - despite themselves - to preserve His Word. They are the only people on Earth that God has blessed and ordained to fulfill such a calling! God will not retract His Word or renege on this gift and responsibility that He's graciously bestowed upon Judah.
Who isn't aware of the sins of the Pharisees? Especially the Accuser of the Brethren? But does that mean the truths they teach, even if they don't live them, are no longer true?
Thursday, May 21, 2009
May 21, 2009
The four men who planned to blow up two synagogues in the Bronx and shoot down U.S. military planes said they "wanted to commit jihad," the New York Police Commissioner said.
Read more »
Four "people of color" - shades of Black to be exact.
Repatriation, not reparations. The sooner the better.
Death to America: Major American Cities Targeted by Terrorists?
Will Providence permit foreign murderers in our midst (in attitude, if not yet in action) to unleash nuclear fires within our major cities? Will militant minorities work with them against us? Won't our British-Israelite brethren suffer the same within their respective biblical inheritances?
Black to Africa: Facing the Crisis in Black America
The Curse of Jeremiah Wrights
Jeremiah Wright, Al Sharpton, Barack Obama, Louis Farrakhan, Jesse Jackson and others all represent the curse of reverse discrimination, the tail wagging the dog, the animals running the farm, the serious consequences for White Israelite disobedience to God (Deuteronomy 28:43).
Wednesday, May 20, 2009
Read the full article here.
The case raises serious questions about the role played by the nation's largest teacher union in electing Barack Obama and scores of other Far Left, pro-forced-unionism politicians last year.
To continue reading this blog post, please click this link: http://nrtw.org/en/blog/teachers-file-fec-complaint-against-nea-illeg
WASHINGTON (JTA) -- More than 900 churches in the United States participated in a Christian Zionist organization's event honoring Israel.
CUFI Sunday, sponsored by Christians United For Israel, was incorporated into the regular Sunday church service.
Although varying from church to church, the service generally included a sermon about the Jewish state and a request to sign the group's "Israel Pledge." The pledge states that the Jewish people "have a right to live in their ancient land of Israel" and that Israel has the right to defend itself from terrorism.
Churches from all 50 states, and a total of 1,100 churches in 49 countries, participated in the event, according to CUFI...
Christian-Zionist Response to Shimon Peres’ AIPAC speech
Christian-Zionist David Ben-Ariel’s strong response to Shimon Peres’ weak AIPAC speech, condemning the lying peace process, collaboration with the Vatican and warning about UN Resolution 181 as the Final Solution!
Christian Zionists, Jews, and Israel
I am a Bible-believer, a Christian-Zionist (one who believes the Prophets foretold the restoration of Jews first of all 12 Tribes of Israel to the Promised Land of Israel before the end of this world as we know it). I am not a Protestant or a “Jew for Jesus” and certainly not a member of the Roman Catholic Cult. I am a baptized member of the Sabbath-keeping Church of God…
Liberty has always come from the subjects of government.
The history of liberty is the history of resistance.
The history of liberty is a history
of the limitation of governmental power,
not the increase of it."
-- Woodrow Wilson
(1856-1924) 28th US President
"That the sole object and only legitimate end of government is to
protect the citizen in the enjoyment of life, liberty, and property,
and when the government assumes other functions it is usurpation
-- Alabama, Declaration of Rights Article I Section 35
"I have little interest in streamlining government or in making it more efficient, for I mean to reduce its size. I do not undertake to promote welfare, for I propose to extend freedom. My aim is not to pass laws, but to repeal them. It is not to inaugurate new programs, but to cancel old ones that do violence to the Constitution ... or have failed their purpose ... or that impose on the people an unwarranted financial burden. I will not attempt to discover whether legislation is 'needed' before I have first determined whether it is constitutionally permissible. And if I should be attacked for neglecting my constituents' 'interests,' I shall reply that I was informed that their main interest is liberty, and in that cause I am doing the very best I can."
-- Barry Goldwater
(1909-1998) US Senator (R-Arizona)
Some folks claim that President Obama kissed the Saudi King's ring. There's no proof that that happened. It could be that he just bowed obediently to the Arab ruler without kissing his ring. Click here to see a video of the embarrassing event.
-Dry Bones- Israel's Political Comic Strip Since 1973
The Gentile president usurper Soetoro/Obama represents a curse upon our White Israelite nation. Manifest Destiny still rings true even if the forces of evil are out to silence its liberty bell.
Soetoro/Obama, the fraud and foreigner (and the bastard should be considered that unless or until he proves differently by showing us his long form birth certificate), raised a Muslim in a Muslim country and indoctrinated for years against the United States of America and White people in racist Jeremiah Wright's haven of hatred, feels greater affinity for Nazi Muslims than for our British Israelite and Jewish brethren and wants to see us all bow before the nations, the tail wagging the dog, like dhimmis.
May justice be served and the president usurper history, with the United States remembering our Hebrew roots and biblical responsibilities and act accordingly, so help us God.
Tuesday, May 19, 2009
Name one successful Black country and please resist the temptation to blame White people for the miserable failure of Blacks worldwide, generally speaking. What I've stated before remains true: Blacks have demanded the most and contributed the least to world civilization.
Let's hope the conservative Blacks who acknowledge this is true don't keep getting shouted down and threatened by the Black community and that the Black community starts listening to such sage souls and prosper for it.
They failed to rise to the occasion, were obviously afraid to answer the question and lacked the honesty to address the issues. I was banned for my "racist" and "defamatory comments" (is it racist when Black conservatives say the same thing?).
Why Black People Have Remained Backward
GENOCIDE BEING COMMITTED AGAINST SOUTH AFRICAN WHITES
Why Rhodesia is in Ruins
Hope for Zimbabwe: Restore Rhodesia!
Zimbabwe's nightmare ... a lesson for us
Cursed: South Africa, Zimbabwe, USA
A Warning for America from South Africa
Aid for Africa?
Where angels fear to tread
How Evil was Apartheid?
Fellowship with Besieged White South Africans
South Africa under Black Misrule to Revise History
WND, the only news agency in the world that has relentlessly pounded the eligibility questions, is ready to up the ante – with your help.
Donations are being accepted to defray the costs of a national billboard campaign with the simple message: "Where's the birth certificate?"
The idea is to make sure Obama cannot avoid this question any longer. He must be asked to produce it at every turn. Billboard space is currently being negotiated in Los Angeles, Houston, Dallas, San Antonio, Sacramento, San Francisco, New York-New Jersey, Des Moines, Seattle and other metro areas.
"I wish such a campaign were not absolutely necessary," said Joseph Farah, editor and chief executive officer of WND. "I wish there were checks and balances in our political and electoral systems to ensure that constitutional eligibility of presidential candidates was established before politicians could assume the highest office in the land. I wish my colleagues in the news media believed the Constitution really means what it says and pressed this issue as hard as we have pressed it at WND. I wish radio talk-show hosts were bold enough to ask this question. But wishing is not enough. It's time to raise the visibility of this issue vital to the rule of law in America. I ask everyone to pitch in and help WND make a simple yet profound statement: The Constitution still matters."
WND previously launched a petition campaign that has collected more than 370,000 names demanding Obama's eligibility be verified and demonstrated publicly. That campaign continues. That list has been shared with members of the Electoral College and the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Your donation – from as little as $5 to as much as $1,000 – can be made online at the WND SuperStore to kickstart this campaign.
(Donations are not tax-deductible. Donations of amounts greater than $1,000 can be arranged by calling either 541-474-1776 or 1-800-4WNDCOM. In addition, donations of billboard space will be accepted, as will significant contributions specifically targeted for geographic locations.)
For anti-Zionists it is an article of faith that US aid to Israel is the only thread keeping the "artificial colonial apartheid-state" alive, and that the US receives little or nothing for its investment. The truth is more complicated. US aid to Israel in 2006 accounted for only 1.3% of Israel's GDP, hardly a decisive sum. Moreover, 74% of that money is required to be spent on the US arms industry creating American jobs. When you factor in Israeli advances in research and development, weapons testing and intelligence, the relationship is a net gain for America in all senses.
"The mutually beneficial US-Israel relationship"
It's in Israel's best interest to declare economic independence regardless if we both scratch each others' back, as allies are known to do. The American tax-payers' money is going to all the wrong people for all the wrong reasons, and if aid continues it should be earmarked for truly Jewish groups and organizations - not the corrupt Israeli oligarchy controlled government of thieves and murderers.
Christian-Zionist Response to Shimon Peres' AIPAC speech
Christian-Zionist David Ben-Ariel's strong response to Shimon Peres' weak AIPAC speech, condemning the lying peace process, collaboration with the Vatican and warning about UN Resolution 181 as the Final Solution!
Monday, May 18, 2009
BEYOND BABYLON warns we're going down and out due to our idolatry and immorality.
im confused...do you dislike europe? like it? or are you just saying that america has downhill due to wrong beliefs.
by the way, Europe, as a collective group of countries, is so diversified that i am willing to bet anything that they would never 'nuke' america.
you should also take into account deterrence theory.
could you please direct me to where it says that europe is going to nuke america in the bible, im interested to read this for myself
I love Europe enough to dare to share the plain truth of the Bible and history with them.
I've been through Europe four times and know their diversity but also recognize they will transcend their differences when their back is against the wall - a real or imagined crisis that will coerce them to get their act together and work as one under some strong leader who has the pope's "blessing."
The deterrence theory is just a theory and whether or not the Nazi EU agents are able to disable our deterrence or they feel it's worth the risk with a blitzkrieg attack, Germany's Fourth Reich will nuke us.
See Europe's Bitter Roots by David Ben-Ariel, as well as the other articles referenced in the YouTube video.
Saturday, May 16, 2009
Israel has every legal and biblical right to maintain and expand their Jewish pioneering communities ("settlements") in the Holy Land of Israel. After all, isn't it the Promised Land of Israel, not Ishmael? Both the Bible and even the accursed Koran acknowledge this plain truth.
All Israeli governments since 1967 have held that Israeli settlements are legal according to the 1907 Hague Convention that permits the administering authority to utilize public land and to enjoy its "usufruct" ("fruits").12 Moreover, Israeli governments have consistently argued that the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention, especially Article 49 which deals with population transfer, has no legal applicability to the West Bank and Gaza, where there was no recognized sovereign power before the entry of Israeli forces on 5 June 1967.
- "DOES THE INTERNATIONAL NEWS MEDIA OVERLOOK ISRAEL'S LEGAL RIGHTS IN THE PALESTINIAN- ISRAELI CONFLICT?
It is imperative that there begins, today, a campaign among world Jewry to explain the full extent of the Arab hatred and danger. The complete truth must be told to the masses of good Jews both to justify the need to remove the Arabs and to expose the dangers of the liberal Establishment bloc.
- THEY MUST GO
Friday, May 15, 2009
Emergency does not increase granted power or remove or diminish
the restrictions imposed upon power granted or reserved.
The Constitution was adopted in a period of grave emergency.
Its grants of power to the federal government and
its limitations of the power of the States
were determined in the light of emergency,
and they are not altered by emergency."
-- Justice Charles Evans Hughes
(1862-1948) Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
Source: Home Building & Loan Assn v. Blairsdell, 1934
"The Constitution of the United States is a law
for rulers and people, equally in war and in peace,
and covers with the shield of its protection
all classes of men, at all times, and under all circumstances.
No doctrine, involving more pernicious consequences,
was ever invented by the wit of man than
that any of its provisions can be suspended
during any of the great exigencies of government.
Such a doctrine leads directly to anarchy or despotism,
but the theory of necessity on which it is based is false;
for the government, within the Constitution,
has all the powers granted to it,
which are necessary to preserve its existence;
as has been happily proved by the result
of the great effort to throw off its just authority."
-- Justice David Davis
(1815-1886) U.S. Supreme Court Justice 1862-1877
Source: Ex parte Milligan 71 U.S. 2 (1866) DAVIS, J., Opinion of the Court
"It has been thought a considerable advance towards establishing
the principles of Freedom, to say, that government is a compact
between those who govern and those that are governed:
but this cannot be true, because it is putting the effect before
the cause; for as man must have existed before governments existed,
there necessarily was a time when governments did not exist,
and consequently there could originally exist no governors
to form such a compact with. The fact therefore must be, that the
individuals themselves, each in his own personal and sovereign right,
entered into a compact with each other to produce a government:
and this is the only mode in which governments have a right to arise,
and the only principle on which they have a right to exist."
-- Thomas Paine
Will U.S. financial woes lead to new world order?
By Adam Abrams
Is the U.S. about to lose its status as the dominant global superpower? Will the dollar collapse? If so, what would become the new global reserve currency and what would replace U.S. hegemony in a new world order?
Germany to the rescue! Watch as the German-dominated European Union is forced to get its act together to put China in check and demand the global position once enjoyed by the United States.
Such a United States of Europe amounts to nothing less than Germany's Fourth Reich, as Herbert W. Armstrong forewarned for years and Beyond Babylon: Europe's Rise and Fall continues to warn.
1. "In June, the Obama campaign released a digitally scanned image of his birth certificate..."
This statement is false -- the campaign released a "Certification of Live Birth." The document presented on this website is not now and never has been a birth certificate, and FactCheck.org knows it. So why did they publish this lie?
2. "FactCheck.org staffers have now seen, touched, examined and photographed the original birth certificate."
This statement is also a lie -- the only people that have seen, touched, and examined Obama's birth certificate is Chiyome Leinaala Fuikino M.D., the Director of the Hawaii Department of Health, and the Registrar of Vital Statistics.
Fuikino wrote, "There have been numerous requests for Sen. Barack Hussein Obama’s official birth certificate. State law (Hawai'i Revised Statutes §338-18) prohibits the release of a certified birth certificate to persons who do not have a tangible interest in the vital record."
So your conclusion, "We conclude that..." is false, because your conclusions are based on a false premise -- that you have seen Obama's birth certificate -- you haven't, because the State of Hawaii won't release it. What do you think is going on in the 48 lawsuits against Obama. These suits are all trying to get to Obama's birth certificate and 48 times, judges have said, "I can't go for that, ohh, no, I can't go for that."
3. "Update, Nov. 1: The director of Hawaii’s Department of Health confirmed Oct. 31 that Obama was born in Honolulu."
Complete fabrication and bold-faced lie -- what Fuikino wrote was, "Therefore, I as Director of Health for the State of Hawai'i, along with the Registrar of Vital Statistics who has statutory authority to oversee and maintain these type of vital records, have personally seen and verified that the Hawai'i State Department of Health has Sen. Obama’s original birth certificate on record in accordance with state policies and procedures."
Nowhere in that statement does it say Obama was born in Honolulu, and here is the complete statement: -- check it out yourself.
And, nowhere does FactCheck.org identify the militantly partisan website that released the "Certification of Live Birth" -- The Daily Kos -- one of the wackiest websites extant. This FACT alone makes this entire scenario suspicious, if not patently ridiculous.
1. FactCheck.org's own analysis confirms what I wrote above, under Summary.
2. FactCheck.org presents a photo of a "Certification of Live Birth," captioned, "The Obama birth certificate, held by FactCheck writer Joe Miller."
That's a lie, as well -- the document in this photo is a "Certification of Live Birth" (getting tiresome, isn't it) -- not a birth certificate. They are different documents, and the folks at this mendacious organization know the difference -- Joseph Goebbels would be proud of FactCheck.org's big lie.
FactCheck.org presents a photo image of the document further down the page, under Analysis -- That document is not a "birth certificate." It is a "Certification of Live Birth," again, FactCheck.org knowingly misrepresents the document as something it is not, and it's not even the document that was released. Here is the document that was released to The Daily Kos. The original document released had its Certificate Number blacked out -- and if one looks at the document, it says at the bottom, "ANY ALTERATIONS INVALIDATE THIS CERTIFICATE" -- even if the document were genuine -- it isn't VALID.
3. FactCheck.org published several other images defending its false presentation on this page.
4. In late July, a researcher looking to dig up dirt on Obama instead found a birth announcement that had been published in the Honolulu Advertiser on Sunday, Aug. 13, 1961.
A birth announcement could have been easily phoned in to the newspaper from anywhere in the world. This "fact" is inconclusive, unless you know who provided the newspaper with the announcement, the means they used, and where they were physically located at the time.
Check.org identifies their anal-ists as Jess Henig and Joe Miller. OK, that's fine, but who and what are Jess Henig and Joe Miller? Are they qualified to make an analysis of ANY document, or are they just a couple of guys hanging around FactCheck.org's office, or are they political operators? What are their bona fides? FactCheck.org doesn't say. Wonder why?
FactCheck does say their, "representatives got a chance to spend some time with the birth certificate, and we can attest to the fact that it is real and three-dimensional and resides at the Obama headquarters in Chicago." In my mind, that clearly shows they were working with and for the Obama Campaign and that Obama and his people are involved in this lie.
Lie? Hell, this is a conspiracy and FactCheck.org boldly admits their part in it.
I prefer to give credence to Dr. Ron Polarik, who holds a Ph.D. in Instructional Media and specializes in computer graphics with over 20 years experience with computers, printers and typewriters, who provides conclusive and irrefutable evidence that the Certificate of Live Birth (COLB) image created and distributed by Obama's campaign to the Daily Kos, Annenberg's Factcheck, and the St. Petersburg Times, and Politifact, is, unquestionably, a false identification document. Here, is his final report.
A second expert forensic document examiner Ms. Sandra Ramsey Lines has filed an affidavit associated with one of the lawsuits, stating the following:
1. I am Sandra Ramsey Lines, With an address at... I am a former federal examiner and law enforcement officer. I began training as a forensic document examiner in 1991. I am a Certified Diplomat of Forensic Sciences, a member of the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners, a member of the Southwestern Association of Forensic Document Examiners, and a member of the Questioned Document Subcommittee of the American Society of Testing and Materials. My background and credentials are set forth in Exhibit I attached hereto.
2. I have reviewed the attached affidavit posted on the internet from "Ron Polarik." After my review and based on my years of experience, I can state with certainty that the COLB presented on the internet by the various groups, which include the "Daily Kos," the Obama Campaign, "Factcheck.org" and others cannot be relied upon as genuine.
Since the title of the FactCheck.org web page is, "The truth about Obama's birth certificate," everything on the page is a bold-faced lie, because FactCheck.org has never, ever seen Obama's birth certificate and every image and reference is to a Certification of Live Birth.
Hawaii is notorious for its issuance of COLB's. Click here to see a large copy of a beautifully printed Certificate of Hawaiian Birth (If you click it, it will get bigger or smaller). It belongs to Sun Yat-Sen, the Father of Modern China, who was born in China. This Certificate of Hawaiian Birth, dated March 14, 1904, was issued after Dr. Sun signed a raggedy type-written statement affirming that he was born in Hawaii on Nov. 24, 1870. Sun Yat-sen was born on November 12, 1866, to a peasant family in the village of Cuiheng, Xiangshan county , Guangzhou prefecture, Guangdong province (26 km or 16 miles north of Macau), not Hawaii, as this document affirms.
We know Maya Soetoro-Ng, Obama's sister has a Hawaiian Certification of Live Birth too, and she was born in Jakarta, Indonesia.None of this is surprising, since this website is funded by the same fine people who fund Obama's buddy, the unrepentant domestic terrorist Bill Ayers. They represent themselves as unbiased and non-partisan. That, of course, is just another lie.
This "birth certificate" controversy is not nearly as important as the fact that Obama is not a "natural born citizen."
"To tell deliberate lies while genuinely believing in them, to forget any fact that has become inconvenient, and then when it becomes necessary again, to draw it back from oblivion for just so long as it is needed..."
George Orwell, "Nineteen Eighty-Four"